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Chapter 1 PDF Print E-mail
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Sunday, 19 February 2017 18:53
Chapter 1
 
 
The journey from Nigla to Nistar that demonstrates the unity in the Torah.
 Various Gemaros and the Zohar (Raia Meheimna Parshas Mishpatim (117b)).
The classic definitions for צדיק בינוני רשע address their judgement and reward or punishment.
The more involved terms of צדיק וטוב לו, צדיק ורע לו  and רשע וטוב לו לו רשע ורע לו address the apparent inequity in Hashem's world and why some צדיקים suffer while some רשעים seem to prosper; that it has to do with imperfection that needs repairing.
The זהר, רעי' מהימנא פרשת משפטים קיז,ב which completely redefines these terms: A רשע has evil which is subservient to good.
This opens the פנימיות התורה window.
It is supported by the נגלה- גמרא ברכות סא, ב where רבה calls himself a בינוני which cannot even be an acceptable mistake based on the נגלה paradigm.
 
The Gemaros themselves, that means Niglah alone accounts for the idea that there are two levels in the definitions of צדיק בינוני ורשע.
1) As it relates to being judged, where as a practical matter one is a צדיק  if most of ones deeds are good etc.
2) מהות מדריגת צדיק ובינוני ורשע, where there is an entire new sets of definitions  for these terms, as will be discussed in the subsequent classes.
 
This class was the introduction of the five levels of צדיק וטוב לו צדיק ורע לו רשע וטוב לו רשע ורע לו ובינוני, on the נסתר level; which is based initially on the גמרא בברכות ועוד; but is sourced in the רעיא מהימנא.
We actually read it inside.
[Arguably; only צדיק גמור is יצר טוב alone שופטן; and perhaps only the רשע גמור  is יצר הרע שופטן alone].
 
This class (after a brief introduction) explores the basic character traits of the נפש הבהמית ונפש האלוקית.
The נפש הבהמית is: 1) Self-centered (selfish), 2) not visionary; interested only in the here and now, 3) Lives in fear and "survives" because she has no trust.
The נפש האלוקית is 1) G-d-centered (selfless), 2) Has great vision, and is very interested in where it is from and what is it's purpose and where is it going, 3) Has trust in it's Creator and therefore "lives" and doesn't only "survive".
 
Two ideas:
1) The difference between the terms נפש האלקית ונפש הבהמית and the terms יצר טוב ויצר הרע.
Basically the נפש is the מוח ופנימיות while the יצר is the לב וחיצוניות.
Also the יצר is the צורה that must be destroyed while the נפש is the פנימיות and should be transformed to קדושה.
2) Klipa and Kedusha.
קליפה means peel or shell that covers the fruit inside.
The fruit is the Purpose and the ביטול  to that purpose; while the קליפה covers and makes it impossible to access the fruit and purpose and Bittul inside.
The difference between גלות ושינה was also touched on.
 
Class Sixteen, Perek 1, Class 6.
סטרא אחרא vs. צד הקדושה.