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Chassidus: what can be understood of the Jewish Neshama PDF Print E-mail
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Thursday, 31 August 2017 18:40
Chassidus: what can be understood of the Jewish Neshama
 
This is a series of classes given (with text in Yeshivas Chovevei Torah during the evenings of the year 5777-78 IYH).
The topic is the Yiddisher Neshama.
 
Section One:The two pillars of Chassidus: G-dliness and Neshama. 
Achdus Hashem and Ahavas Yisroel are the essence of Chassidus, the שמן oil. 
Elokus is everything; everything is Elokus, this is the entire Chassidus.
Like oil which is eaten with all foods, so too Chassidus is brought forward through all other levels of Torah. 
 
Class Two. Missing.
Oil and Chassidus:
1) צף על כל משקין.
2) מפעפע בכולו
3) אינו נאכל לבד ונאכל עם כל מאכל. 
 
Water Wine Oil.
 
Section Two: The Jew is higher (before) than Judaism. 
Achdus Hashem and Neshama; Yidden are higher than Torah.
Torah supports Yidden rather than the other way around. 
 The Neshama syllabus.
Light and wisdom (Torah) vs. Children and the Chosen (Yidden). 
 
Three knots are tied together:
Initially a Yid connects to Hashem through Torah but later Torah connects to Hashem through the Yid. 
 
 Ma'amar 5661 page 200-201 (1).
Interface Neshamos and Torah.
 
  Ma'amar 5661 page 200-201 (2).
Interface Neshamos and Torah.
 
Sicha Toldos 5752 (1).
The Midrash.
Yidden- Etzem ישראל וקב"ה כולא חד.
תורה ומצות- reveal.
 
 Sicha Toldos 5752 (2).
Yidden- Etzem.
 Iyov, the specialness of Yidden.
1) Love for Avrohom.
2) עם קשה עורף.
Torah reveals Etzem, how?
 
  Sicha Toldos 5752 (3).
Just as Torah and Neshama are (relatively speaking) גילויים and עצם, similarly נשמה and גוף are also גילויים versus עצם.
The Yid is higher than Torah down here which is all about the Guf!
 
Sicha Toldos 5752 (4).
Two ideas of Free Will:
1) Having (equal) choices,
2) Having real Freedom, which is in other words: בחירה הוא רק מצד הבוחר ולא מצד הנבחר כלל.
The Guf is chosen (on this level freedom) the Neshama is a child.
 
Sicha Toldos 5752 (5).
Just as Torah and Neshama are עצם and גילויים so are נשמה  and גוף.
 Moreover when they converge (in this world) each completes the other:
Through the Nehasma the  choice (בחירה) of Hashem in the Jewish גוף is deserved by the body itself, through doing Torah and Mitzvos.
 
Sicha Toldos 5752 (6).
Conclusion of discussion of interface and mutual benefite that the Neshama and Guf gain from each other. 
 
Tavo (LKUS vol 24 page 161 ff) (1).
The value of a Jew is:
1) inherent
2) like treasure that is hidden away, just having it is meaningful.
 
 Tavo (LKUS vol 24 page 161 ff) (2).
Treasure value of the Yid continued. 
 
Tetzei 5751 (Sichos 5751 vol. 2 page 798 ff) (1).
The Neshama's decent into this world is a war, but it is considered voluntary.
It's demand ad expectation is achieved by simply being.
Because what it is in essence is completely removed from the world and its' struggles. 
 
Tetzei 5751 (Sichos 5751 vol. 2 page 798 ff) (2).
Dira BiTachtonim requires the Yid to be from another place altogether, yet to be here to achieve it.
Thus to the Etzem HaNeshama the task is Reshus. 
 
Section Three: Pintele Yid. 
Hayom Yom 17 Iyar, "Eretz Chefetz" the value of each Jew in inherent and immeasurable.
The BeShT saw and insisted on the place of the simplest of Jews in Chassidus. 
 
Tanya Perek 18-19 (1).
The Jewish Soul makes each and every Jew G-dly at his core is a gift from Hashem to the Avos.
Their sacrifice gives us a special Neshama. 
 
Tanya Perek 18-19 (2).
This is the basis for Mesiras Nefesh.
Completely outside and beyond logic. 
 
 Tanya Perek 18-19 (3).
The analogy of the candle returning to it's source.
A novel translation and meaning to the word "nature" טבע in Hebrew. 
 
Viatta Titzaveh 5752 (1).
The two levels of faith:
1) The subconscious sees G-dliness.
2) The essence is one with G-d.
The difference in faith depends are where in the nefesh it comes from. 
 
Viatta Titzaveh 5752 (2).
גילוי אלקות נוגע לעצם מציאותו a new idea of Pintele Yid altogether.
We each need G-d revealed!!! 
 
Viatta Titzaveh 5752 (3).
גילוי אלקות נוגע לעצם מציאותו cont.
1) One Ba'al Teshuva who reveals the highest light redeems the entire world.
2) The Alter Rebbe's saying איך וויל מער נישט אז דיך אליי and the fact that we have heard of this gives us a connection to his (this) level as well.
 
Viatta Titzaveh 5752 (4).
Yitzchok Rabin and the Rebbe: Jewish survival two factors:
1) Tradition,
2) Anti-Semitism.
The message was that where there is no Antisemitism, we need more tradition.
This is the point of the second level of Pintele Yid, it is not about a Goi. 
 
Viatta Titzaveh 5752 (5).
How can one reach the latter level of Pintele Yid- to want גילוי אלקות?
ויקחו אליך by partnering with Moshe Rabbeinu in HIS work!!  
 
Neshamos are connected to Keilim (thought) (1).
Tanya ch 35 the wick (Neshama) needs fuel to hold onto the Shechina,  this is Torah and Mitzvos.
Thus the Neshama is the Keli and not the fire, not-withstanding what is written in אגרת התשובה פרק ד.
 
Neshamos are connected to Keilim (thought) (2).
 מלאכים from speech, four points:
1) separated from he who speaks,
2) one letter at a time
3) limited air in each letter
4) פרסא disorderly letters.
נשמות from מחשבה.
 
Neshamos are connected to Keilim (thought) (3).
Neshamos- Elokus SHena'aseh Nivra.
Both a creation (limited) and G-dly (can break all limits).
 
 Neshamos are connected to Keilim (thought) (4).
First חצובות תחת כסא הכבוד that is מחשבה which is already higher than דיבור.
We discussed לבוש המיוחד ולבוש הנפרד.
Second they have a source in בינה which is like כח המחשבה to be explained later.
 
  Neshamos are connected to Keilim (thought) (5).
The source of the Neshama is from תחת כסא הכבוד because it is a מציאות and a נברא and as such is limited etc.
But it comes from thought not speach.
Additionally it (wishes to and does) knows it's source (בינה דאצילות) regarding which it is written אימא אילעא מקננא בכורסייא.
So, it's in Malchus but as creation which is G-dly it is not cut off from it's source. 
 
Neshamos are connected to Keilim (thought) (6).
Explaining speech and thought, actual thought vs higher thought (Malchus vs. Bina) as it relates to  Neshamos who come from Malchus (כסא הכבוד) still feeling it's source in אימא עילאה מקננא בכורסיא.
Two examples to help explain this:
A. "In other words" deiilema.
B. The two overwhelmed students one is broken while the other is drawn in and enchanted.
Kedusha (Malchus, Neshama) to Kedusha are drawn (Bina). 
 
 Neshamos are connected to Keilim (thought) (7).
Elokus can be in גבול.
Two examples are sited: 1) אור הנשמה דבי"ע, and 2) כלים דאצילות.
נשמה like the examples sighted are also limited and in a state of דביקות בלתי ניכרת.
To see the דביקות of  כלים requires אור going into them: when אור אין סוף enters limited and formed (colors for example) כלים and they hold the light rather than implode you discover that they are G-dly.
 Neshamos are the same: the G-dliness of Neshama is apparent when you see that it is connected to it's source even in אצילות as opposed to מלאכים.
The limited נשמה is not cut off from it's אצילות source, thus we can say that their source is not only מלכות but אצילות as well.
 
 Neshamos are connected to Keilim (thought) (8).
1) Neshamos on Atzilus are G-dliness like the Kelim of Atzilus, but they are separated from the Sfiros "יצאו ונפרדו".
2) In truth the Sfiros of Atzilus are "in the image of..." Neshamos in עצמות, as understood from  the explanation on the פסוק כמים הפנים לפנים כן לב האדם אל האדם that is in עין בית. 
 
  Neshamos are connected to Keilim (thought) (9).
מ"ה and ב"ן are briefly discussed.
The Rebbe RaShaB explains that Neshamos though they come from כלים, come from פנימיות הכלים which has the tendency of עלי'ה just like אור.
This is how he explains how they (like כלים) are אלקות. 
 
Neshamos are connected to Keilim (thought) (10).
טהרה vs. קדושה.
אור is like light and fire is קדושה.
כלי is like water, oil and wine which are טהור pure but not holy because they can be contaminated and be impure.
 
Neshamos are connected to Keilim (thought) (11).
אור הנשמה vs. אור חי' יחידה are like the difference between טהרה and קדושה.
Vort of פריערדיקע רבי vs. references to אחי' השלוני בעל הח"י and the אריז"ל הח"י. 
 
Neshamos are connected to Keilim (thought) (12).
Continued (inside) the idea of אור נשמה being connected to טהרה not קדושה.
Introduction to the idea that Neshamos come from כלים of כתר.
The idea is explained using the contrast between אותיות הכתיבה and אותיות החקיקה.
 
Neshamos are connected to Keilim (thought) (13).
Beginning the discussion of אותיות החקיקה  vs. אותיות הכתיבה.
Speech and words are a great gift.
They are also limiting because the subtleties of the thought and feeling cannot be put into words.
Thought is a far more precise in carrying ideas than speech.
[thought means A. thinking practically, B. thinking deliberately and to slow yourself down].
Above both of the above (speech and thought) is what is called אותיות עצמיים, where the words give out the essence as they are of the essence.
The "In other words" analogy. 
 
Class Forty.
Neshamos are connected to Keilim (thought) (14).
 
Class Forty One.