Chanuka Maamarim PDF Print E-mail
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Thursday, 02 December 2010 14:52
Chanuka Maamarim.
Vayeshev Yaakov 5712.
Peace exists on two levels: 1) You fight and win resoundingly, 2) there is no fight in the first place, the enemy is automatically vanquished.
In Vayeshev, Yaakov is aspiring to the higher peace but gets instead the lower one: In golus Mitzrayim he has tranquility.
The Chanuka miracles are like Pada BiShalom since the victory was miraculous, but it has two parts:
1) the war this Pada BiShalom needed to be and it was complicated by the actual battle.
2) The Oil and their burning eight days was altogether unnecessary. It was not only Pada BiShalom but there was no enemy! This is Moshiach's level of Pada BiShalom. 
Three types of candles exist: 1) The Menora in the Beis Hamikdash, 2) Shabbos Candles, 3) Chanuka Candles. The first two are lighted by day as they are Aharon's lighting up the Jewish Souls "in the place of light", while Chanuka Candles light up the Jewish Soul "in the place of darkness'. This Maamar includes a most clear explanation of the idea of "Hoil vlahem Yerida meOhr Panav Yisborech", that the higher worlds are a descent from Him while this world is not {part of the Dira BiTachtonim issue].
 This is the Chanuka Ma'amar that is the opposite of all the typical Chanuka Ma'amarim.
Here darkness is not something that needs to be reversed but to be celebrated! Light and the sun (here) are about Avoda Zara (Chama) and the setting sun leaves only darkness which is God.
The same is true of Sukkos when we make a point of sitting in the shade.
The sun is Parnassa worries and the answer to this test is 1) Broken hardheartedness (at our own undeservedness) 2) Breaking lust which makes a vessel for Godly light and 3) Faith that Parnassa doesn’t necessarily need a Keli in Teva.
The Chashmonaim defeated the Greeks with this third idea of Emuna beyond reason (and Keli).
בכ"ה בכסליו ה'תש"מ.
 To understand the מנורה of חנוכה we first discuss the מנורה that lit in the בית המקדש.
The מנורה's seven branches are the seven מדות, and there is זה לעומת זה and לאום מלאום יאמץ between the seven of נפש האלקוית and the seven מדות of the נפש הבהמית.
To guarantee that קדושה should win the מנורה needs to be lit through the כהן.
The light travels through the inverse windows of the בית המקדש to the entire world.
The lighting of these candles is שכל וחכמה that is higher than the struggle between the two sets of מדות.
 In extreme times קליפה and טומאה contaminate even the mind and חכמה and we need the כח המסירת נפש to guarantee victory.
This is פך אחד שמן מונח בחותמו של כהן גדול.
The two Menoras (of the Bais HaMikdash and of Galus/ Chanuka) are (combined): עולם שנה נפש.
עולם is how it was ion the Bais HaMikdahs.
נפש is Yidden (and applies to all times (???)).
שנה is the Menorah in Galus.  
This Ma'amar is a Chanuka Ma'amar, because it has at it's fundation the idea of ירידה צורך עלי'ה.
In this class the Rebbe uses the language of פרצת כל הגדרים.
The level of בת ציון is the the lowest level and is connected to action, of Mitzvos, but it reachers higher than אחותי and אמי.
This us a Biha'alosecha Ma'amar.
The change in the פסוק נר אלוקים נשמת אדם as opposed to נר הוי' נשמת אדם as it appears in משלי כ"ז, כ is based on the ירושלמי שבת פ"ב ה"ו.
All the Jewish people make up one body with seven branches and seven different types of service to Hashem.
The seven רועים shepherds assist us.
The נשמה which is the כלי, along with the מצוות which are the wicks, and the תורה which is the oil.
Together they light up with world with נר מצוה ותורה אור.
Then there is the בירור of the גוף, נפש הבהמית, גלות likened to bitter olives that cause forgetfulness, and through עבודה כמו עיבוד עורות we reveal the אתהפכא לנהורא it produces an entirely new level of light.
Ultimately we reveal that the Jews are not only like interconnected (seven) branches of one מנורה but are "One piece of Gold. 
This Ma'amar is about Galus and is therefore appropriate for Chanuka, since it is a Galus Yom tov though it occurred during the time of the Beis HaMikdash
Thus, Rani which means to sing which is done from distance and darkness (as the Zohar states) brings one close,
In fact even closer than when in the Light, which the end of the ...הפטורה: ראיתי והנה מנורת זהב כולה which means that it is not only a unification of parts but literally one, which is the highest kind of unity achived only through Galus. 
To get to the Eseence you must go in order and start from the very Bottom
Osiyos before Ohr in Torah,
Mitzvos Maasoyos before any Kavana.
Bas Tziton.
Baruch Sheusu Nissim 5743.
This part of the Ma'amar (which is the largest part of the Ma'amar) explores many levels of life and connection: 1) Food and drink, 2) Wine, 3) Water that is higher than wine, 4)  Oil, 5) Good smell, 6) Light.
Each of these six are found in the Besi HaMikdasha and the Ma'amar explores and explains each of the. 
Why Chanuka is celebrated with candles and light, is with the undertook by first considering the thought that the war should be celebrated, but in the end the fire and light is the highest thing and this is what we celebrate.  
A Ma'amar that juxtaposes Mezuza and Chanuka candles and wonders why we join them together at the door, Mezuza on the right and the Menora on the left.
Mezuza is for the house though it protects you even when you leave it. This protection is on the level of Hashem Echad (you're above the world rather than fighting with it).
Chanuka is facing the street, where you engage with and defeat (transform) Klipa to Kedusha.
 Rani ViSimchi is the Maamar of Chanuka (and Bihaalosecha, after Shavuos).
It explains three levels and then a fourth.
The three are the regular concerns of a Yid: 1) Mitzvos, 2) Torah 3) Mesiras Nefesh in the daily performance of Torah and Mitzvos.
The fourth is called 'Bas Tzion' and emerges in Golus, when the other levels are weak. It is the lowest Avoda with the highest source: Mesiras Nefesh beyond Torah and Mitzvos. Its lofty source will be revealed when Moshiach comes.
These ideas are linked to Chanuka and the other model of four: 1) Achosi, 2) Rayusi, 3) Yonasi, 4) Tamusi. 
Vayeshev: above work and yerida tzorach aliya is real and constant peace that is after descending into Eretz Migurei Aviv and (lower stilll) Eretz Kinaan. Later he descends further into Mitzrayim and achieves an even higher VaYechi! How this ties into Chanuka, Golus etc.
7 Mitzvos of the Ribanan, elevate the left [as if we were to say "Smol mikareves"], but only once the 613 Mitzvos diOraisa  have made a Keli for the right side. This explains much about Chanuka licht: Their 1) side (left) 2) number (eight) 3) time (after dark) and location 4) (outside).
This Maamar is Muga.
The number eight is higher than order, but not all "eighths" are equal. The eighth of Miluim is relative to Hishtalshelus, while the eighth of Chanuka is connected with Atzmus.
The Chanuka candles celebrate the war. The candles are the Candles of the Neshama and (Torah and) Mitzvos.
The G-Dliness reveled at the time  of Chanuka , in the darkness, comes from very high. It joins with regular everyday life and light of a Yid.
Veatta BiRachamecha 5748.
Chanuka celebrates (the days and ) numbers 24, 25, and 26. We (nowadays) celebrate only 25- WHY.